Disclaimer - This content has been created for information purposes only, please consult your doctor before taking any decision on diabetes management. Although great care has been taken in compiling and checking the information, Johnson and Johnson Ltd., and its associates shall not be responsible, or in any way liable for any errors, omissions or inaccuracies in this publication whether arising from negligence or otherwise however, or for any consequence arising there from.

Know your diabetes ABCs

It is important to take care of your diabetes and manage the conditions that come with it. This can help to lower your chances of getting heart attack, stroke or other diabetes complications in future.


"A" stands for A1C (A-one-C) test.

The A1C is a blood test that measures your average blood glucose levels over the past three months.

The results give you a fair idea of how well your diabetes treatment plan is working.

The A1C goal for people with diabetes as recommended by the American Diabetes Association is usually below 7. Talk to your doctor to know about your A1C goal.

Let us see how average blood glucose affects A1C levels.

Glucose Level

Your average blood glucose levels directly correlates to your A1C levels.

"B"stands for blood pressure

High blood pressure compels your heart to work harder than its normal pace. This can cause a heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease in the long run.

Your blood pressure goal should be below <130/80 mmHg. Talk to your doctor to know more.

"C"is for cholesterol.

Cholesterol is a type of fat that is present in all cells of the body. There are of two basic kinds:

LDL or bad cholesterol can build up and block your blood vessels. It can cause a heart attack or stroke.

HDL or "good" cholesterol helps remove the "bad" cholesterol from your blood vessels.

Maintaining healthy range of both is vital for good health.

Triglycerides are another kind of blood fat that raises your chances for suffering from a heart attack or stroke if your levels are too high.

Ways to improve your cholesterol numbers:

  • Quit smoking, if you’re a smoker
  • Maintain healthy body weight
  • Be active (brisk walking for 30 minutes/day is a good goal)
  • Eat a low-fat, low-cholesterol diet with plenty of fresh veggies, whole grains, and fruit
  • Have more MUFA fat sources in your diet like canola oil, avocado oil, or olive oil
  • Your doctor may also prescribe cholesterol-lowering medicine

What should my numbers be?

For most of the adults with diabetes the healthy cholesterol levels are:

LDL Cholesterol: Less than 100 mg/dl

HDL Cholesterol: Higher than 40 mg/dl for men and 50 mg/dl for women is good, but an HDL 50 mg/dl or higher helps everyone lower their risk for heart disease.

Triglycerides: Less than 150 mg/dl

Talk to your doctor to know how often you should have your cholesterol checked and what your personal goals should be.

This is important!
It is a good practice to get your cholesterol checked every 5 years (more often if you belong to a particular risk category or there’s a problem).