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DIABETES COMPLICATIONS

 

Disclaimer - This content has been created for information purposes only, please consult your doctor before taking any decision on diabetes management. Although great care has been taken in compiling and checking the information, Johnson and Johnson Ltd., and its associates shall not be responsible, or in any way liable for any errors, omissions or inaccuracies in this publication whether arising from negligence or otherwise however, or for any consequence arising there from.

Why is it necessary to take care of your diabetes?

Diabetes can lead to serious problems with your eyes, kidneys, nerves, and gums and teeth. But the most serious problem that is caused by diabetes is heart disease. Additionally, people with diabetes also have a higher risk of developing infections.

With diabetes, your chance of suffering is the same as someone who has already had a heart attack. You are also more than twice as likely as people without diabetes to have heart disease or a stroke. Both men and women with diabetes are at risk.

But the good news is with the appropriate treatment and recommended lifestyle modifications, many people with diabetes are able to prevent or delay the onset of complications.

causes of sugar diabetes

You can work with your health care team to keep your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol in your target range.Therefore, people with diabetes need regular blood glucose monitoring at home.

Remember,

“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of care”

DIABETES COMPLICATIONS

Many long-term diabetes complications are caused to uncontrolled (high) blood glucose levels.

You can help delay or prevent diabetes complications like eye disease, kidney disease, heart disease etc. by keeping your blood glucose levels within the target range. Hence, people with diabetes need to do regular monitoring at home.

1. Heart disease

People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing heart related disorders like heart attacks, high blood pressure and stroke.

side effects of diabetes

Talk to your doctor to know about what you can do to lower your risk for heart and blood vessel problems.

The best way to prevent heart related disorders is to take charge of your diabetes.

You can achieve this by-

  • Keeping a track of your blood glucose level through regular monitoring at home
  • Controlling blood pressure by consuming low sodium foods like vegetables, fruits, dry beans and peas, and unprocessed meats, poultry, and fish
  • Quitting smoking, if you do
  • Limiting certain types of fat:
    • saturated fat, such as butter, cream, ghee, and high-fat dairy products such as whole milk
    • trans fat, found in processed foods with partially hydrogenated or hydrogenated oil
    • cholesterol, found in high-fat dairy products, high-fat meats and poultry, egg yolks, and liver
    • Follow a regularly scheduled exercise program
    • See your doctor regularly. Get tests that help you and your doctor keep tabs on how well your heart is doing

2. Kidney disease

Your kidneys help filter waste products from your blood and excrete them as urine. High levels of blood glucose levels makes your kidneys work harder than usual. This may cause damage to the kidneys in the long run causing diabetic renal disease (nephropathy)

Your doctor may ask you to perform a yearly blood test to measure your kidney function.

Work closely with your diabetes care team to prevent or treat kidney problems.

effects of diabetes

3. Eye- related problems

In people with diabetes, elevated blood glucose levels over a period of time can damage the retina,causing blurring or loss of vision.This type of damage is known as diabetic retinopathy.

diabetes complications

The most appropriate way to prevent eye disease is to have annual eye exam.

You can help prevent eye damage by keeping your blood glucose and blood pressure as close to normal as possible.

Also, regular monitoring can help you spot patterns to try to avoid high and low blood glucose, reduce complications of diabetes, and help control your diabetes.

See your eye doctor immediately if you’re already suffering from any eye- related problems. Early treatment of eye problems can help save your sight.

When on insulin

When you start insulin, you may experience temporary blurring of your eyesight and other problems. This usually lasts only for a few weeks. Visit your doctor when it happens.

4. Nerve damage

Neuropathies, or problems of the nerves, are common in those with diabetes. If you have diabetes, you may suffer from nerve damage in different parts of the body.

 risk factors for diabetes

Some people experience pain, numbness or tingling in the toes, feet, legs, fingers, hands and arms. Others have shrinking of muscles of the hands and feet, nausea, vaginal dryness, impotence, diarrhea and indigestion. Nerve problems can also occur in the organs inside the body.

The poorer the blood glucose control, the higher the likelihood of developing nerve disorders.

How can SMBG help you manage diabetes-related complications?

When blood glucose levels are poorly controlled, a person with diabetes will have greater risks of developing other health problems, such as heart disease, kidney disease, deterioration of vision, nerve problems and aridity of skin. Regular monitoring can help spot patterns to try to avoid high and low blood glucose, reduce complications of diabetes, and help control your diabetes.

Ensure to tell your doctor about any problems with your feet, legs, hands, or arms.

You can prevent nerve problems by-

  • Keeping your blood glucose and blood pressure as close to normal as possible
  • Limiting the amount of alcohol you drink
  • Inspecting your feet every day
  • Quitting smoking