Disclaimer - This content has been created for information purposes only, please consult your doctor before taking any decision on diabetes management. Although great care has been taken in compiling and checking the information, Johnson and Johnson Ltd., and its associates shall not be responsible, or in any way liable for any errors, omissions or inaccuracies in this publication whether arising from negligence or otherwise however, or for any consequence arising there from.

Myth: Diabetes is not a serious disease.

Fact: Diabetes is a serious condition. It causes more deaths a year than breast cancer and AIDS combined. Two out of three people with diabetes die from heart disease or stroke. With proper treatment and care; you can prevent or delay diabetes complications.

Myth: Eating too much sugar causes diabetes.

Fact: Type 1 diabetes mellitus is caused by genetics and unknown factors that trigger the onset of the disease; type 2 diabetes is caused by genetics and lifestyle factors.

However, being overweight puts you at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, especially abdominal obesity. Also, a diet high in calories from any source contributes to weight gain.

The American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that "people should limit their intake of sugar-sweetened beverages to help prevent diabetes".

Myth: Diabetes is contagious. It can be passed on from one person to another easily.

Fact: No, diabetes is not communicable. Although, the exact reason why some people develop diabetes is not known. It can't be passed on like a cold or flu. Genetics and lifestyle factors are responsible for causing diabetes in most cases, particularly type 2 diabetes.

Myth: People with diabetes are more likely to suffer from colds and other illnesses.

Fact: You are no more likely to get sick if you have diabetes. However, an illness can make your diabetes more difficult to control. However, people with diabetes are advised to get flu shots. This is because any illness can make diabetes more difficult to control, and people with diabetes who do get the flu are more likely than others to go on to develop serious complications.

Myth: Women with diabetes shouldn't get pregnant.

Fact: Women who manage their diabetes well in consultation with their doctors can have a normal pregnancy and give birth to a healthy baby.

Myth: You will come to know if you have diabetes by your symptoms.

Fact: Not necessary. Type 2 diabetes often goes undiagnosed because it usually presents fewer or no symptoms (asymptomatic) when it first develops. In that case, diagnosis mostly happens during the person’s routine blood glucose testing or appearance of complications.

Myth: Gestational diabetes doesn't need to be taken seriously, as it usually goes away after a woman gives birth.

Fact: It puts both mother and child at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Myth: People with diabetes can't donate blood.

Fact: You can donate blood as long as your diabetes is well controlled.

Myth: People with diabetes need to follow a special diet.

Fact: People with diabetes benefit from the same healthy diet that is good for everyone else: enough of whole grains and fruits and vegetables, with a limited amount of fat and refined sugar.

Myth: Taking insulin means you’ve failed to take care of your diabetes.

Fact: Needing insulin does not mean that you have failed to manage you diabetes well. Because type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease, eventually your pancreas is just not able to keep up with your body’s need for insulin—no matter what you’ve done to manage your diabetes. Hence, insulin forms a part of your treatment plan for keeping your blood glucose levels at target range.