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WHAT IS INSULIN?

 

Disclaimer - This content has been created for information purposes only, please consult your doctor before taking any decision on diabetes management. Although great care has been taken in compiling and checking the information, Johnson and Johnson Ltd., and its associates shall not be responsible, or in any way liable for any errors, omissions or inaccuracies in this publication whether arising from negligence or otherwise however, or for any consequence arising there from.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the beta cells of the pancreas (an organ that lies near the stomach) that helps to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.

In other words, insulin acts as the key that opens the doors of cells and allows glucose to get into the cell.

Why do you need to inject insulin?

When you have diabetes, your body either fails to produce enough insulin or your body responds poorly to insulin. Over time, your body will produce less and less insulin, and your blood glucose levels may become more and more difficult to control. To help you with your diabetes your doctor may prescribe you insulin to help you control your blood glucose more consistently.

To understand the role of insulin in our body, let us first look at how our body works in normal conditions:

What Is Insulin

Diabetes Insulin Insulin Injections How to Take Insulin

Let us now see what happens to your body when you have diabetes.

Insulin Syringes Insulin Dosage Replacing the insulin your body needs

By adding insulin to your treatment, your doctor is taking the next step to help you stay In the Diabetes Safe Zone.

If you have any questions about your insulin therapy or if you are uncomfortable injecting insulin, talk to your doctor.

How much insulin do i need?

Your doctor will decide and develop an insulin routine depending on how much insulin your pancreas is still making; how sensitive they are to the insulin; your lifestyle;
and eating pattern.

People with type 1 diabetes require insulin for survival.

Did You Know?

Almost half of people with type 2 diabetes require insulin therapy within 5 to 10 years of diagnosis.

People with type 2 diabetes are unable to produce enough insulin and therefore need it to keep glucose levels in the target range.

In people without diabetes, the beta cells make and release some insulin which acts as a "basal" level of insulin that helps the body to function. The body releases an extra spurt of ‘bolus’ insulin when the blood glucose levels rise. For instance, blood glucose levels rise after a person has had a meal, so bolus insulin is released to help bring the glucose back into the target range.

The function of insulin injection taken to manage diabetes is actually to mimic the action of insulin produced by the body (as closely as possible).